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On The Expansion of the Universe Through Gravitational Waves

William Guo (California Institute of Technology)

Published in astro.philica.com

Observation
The expansion of the universe is represented by the equation E=kV, where k is a constant ratio between the gravitational wave energy and the volume expansion of the universe. As the gravitational radiant energy carried by the wave hits the border of the universe, it creates an expansion. It will only expand once the wave actually hits the border. The volume of the universe therefore increases. Gravitational waves are created by the acceleration of masses as they move across the space-time fabric. Therefore, as a binary system begins to decrease its orbital distance, the acceleration increases and creates stronger gravitational waves. The average output of gravitational waves by the universe varies because of the different stages in the systems of mass (ex. Binary system).
The expansion of the universe is caused by the radiant energy emanating from any object with mass in motion. When the gravitational waves move through space-time, they contract and expand portions of the fabric, like sound in air. However, once the waves reach the border, the energy is permanently converted for expansion only. Due to a great distance from the source and edge, there would be a delay in that expansion given by the equation t=L/C. In this case, t is the time of delay, C is the speed of light, and L is the closest distance from the source to the border of the universe. Keep in mind that the distance L is increasing in a non-uniform rate due to the irregular 3-dimensional shape of our universe. The actual time delay may be greater than the one originally measured because of the variability of L. For this reason, it is important to have accurate and up to date measurements of L.